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Back to learning Dutch 101

Thursday, January 8th, 2009

Vocabulary Set 1:

aardig - nice, blauw - blue, de boer - farmer, de boot - boat,
de bus - bus, de buur - neighbour, de buurman - male neighbour,
de - the, de deur - door, het dier - animal, duur - expensive, een - a,
fijn - fine, groei - growth, het huis - house, in - in, is - is,
de leeuw - lion, de maan - moon, de man - man, mooi - beautiful

Vocabulary Set 2:

alle’bei - both, dus - so, en - and, erg - very, hebben - to have,
hoofdpijn hebben - to have a headache,
keelpijn - to have a sore throat,
koorts hebben - to have a temperature, het’zelfde - the same thing,
ja - yes, mis’schien - perhaps, moe - tired, ook - too/also,
pre’cies - exactly, wat vreemd - how funny, ziek - ill

Exercise 3 Translate the following into English:

Is de man aardig? -> Is the man nice?
Jullie zijn gek. -> You are mad.
Ik ben erg ziek. -> I am very ill.
Zij is ook ziek. -> She is also ill.
Ben jij moe? -> Are you tired?
De buren zijn vriendelijk. -> The neighbours are kind.
Zij zijn erg aardig. -> They are very nice.
U bent erg vriendelijk. -> You are very kind.
Jij bent sluw. -> You are sly.

Exercise 4 Translate the following to English:

Hij heeft een huis. -> He has a house.
Het heeft een tuin. -> It has a garden.
Hebben de buren een boot? -> Do the neighbours have a boat?
Wij hebben een tuin en een boat? -> Do we have a garden and a boat?
Heb jij een paraplu? -> Do you have an umbrella?
Ik hen een peer. -> I have a pear.
Jullie hebben keelpijn. -> You have a sore throat.
Heeft de boer een leeuw in de tuin? -> Does the farmer have a lion in the garden?
Leeuwen hebben poten. -> Lions have paws.
Heeft u een pen? -> Do you have a pen?

Learning Dutch 101

Monday, December 1st, 2008

My xxx bought me a Learn-Dutch book last weekend. It is my first Learn-Dutch book, and my second Learn-New-Language book. My first one is Japanese. I got through the first few chapters of the Learn-Japanese book but not using the language was a big minus point to my learning it because once I stopped revising what I have learnt, I forgot every single byte of it that had been in my head.

Anyway, I had my first formal Dutch lesson on the same day I got the book. It is definitely not easy for me for I am not good at learning languages. However, having a book helps, because I get to revise what I have learnt if I am not too lazy. My laziness rarely sets in, I tell you, unless when the bed is around. The problem is, the bed is always around.

A-ah, B-bay, C-say, D-day, E-ay, F-eff, G-HGay,
H-hah, I-ee, J-yay, K-kah, L-ell, M-emm, N-enn,
O-oh, P-pay, Q-kEE, R-air, S-ess, T-tay, U-EE,
V-fay, W-vay, X-iks, Y-ye???, Z-zett

Exercise 1 Read the following:
boer, peer, straat, boot, poel, man, pot, trein, tuin, leeuw, bus, buur, pen, poot, taai, aardig, nieuw, groei, mooi, nou

Exercise 2 Write down the plurals of these nouns:
trein-> treinen, leeuw-> leeuwen, boer-> boeren,
peer-> peren, poot-> poten, buur-> buren,
pen-> pennen, tuin-> tuinen, bus-> bussen,
boot-> boten, straat-> straten, man-> mannen,
deur-> deuren, maan-> manen

If the word contains a vowel pair (aa, ee, oo or uu), the plural of the word is obtained by removing a letter in the vowel pair and adding en to the back of the word. So the plural of maan is manen, the plural of peen is penen, the plural of poot is poten, and the plural of buur is buren.

If the word contains a vowel (a, e, o, or u), the plural of the word is obtained by doubling the last letter of the word and adding en to the back of it. So the plural of man is mannen, the plural of pen is pennen, the plural of pot is potten, and the plural of bus is bussen.

The plurals of all other words are obtained by adding en to the back of the word.