So far we’ve covered 20 of the 46 basic Hiragana.
あいうえお a i u e o
かきくけこ ka ki ku ke ko
さしすせそ sa shi* su se so
たちつてと ta chi* tsu* te to
** Keep in mind these are irregular, they differ from the regular “aiueo” pattern.
If you don’t have a chart handy, how do you know what order they go?
Well, in Japanese elementary school, they teach the little 1st graders (about 6-7 years old) this little phrase:
A ka sa ta na, Ha ma ya ra wa
…which is the 1st column of the chart if you look at the whole thing.
Ready for hiragana part 3?
Now we’re up to the Na & Ha Lines:
[Pronounced NA NEE NU NEH NO]
な に ぬ ね の
na ni nu ne no
[Pronounced HA HEE FU HEH HO]
は ひ ふ へ ほ
ha hi fu* he ho <— (ふ [fu] is irregular,
but also it’s not a strong fff sound. Try to say foo but without touching your teeth to you lip to make the “F” sound. It really is a sort of hoo/foo sound. To master this you need to listen to some native speaker pronounce it, or watch subtitled anime. I keep telling myself it’s like a wussy “F” sound lol)
Words using Na & Ha kana:
ねこ — [neko] Cat
ひめ — [hime] Princess
ふね — [fune] Tub
As always, practice!